Cystic Ovarian Disease

Cystic Ovarian Disease What is Cystic Ovarian Disease in cattle? Cystic ovarian disease (COD) is a major problem associated with poor fertility in dairy cattle. Reportedly, from 6 to 19% of dairy cows develop cysts, however it is possible that the incidence of the disease is as high as 60%, as many heifers which develop ovarian cysts recover without intervention1, meaning they may go undetected. It is characterised by the presence of one or more enlarged anovulatory follicles on one…

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How has Coronavirus impacted the Dairy Industry?

How has Coronavirus impacted the Dairy Industry? All around the UK, industries have been feeling the effect of lockdowns, stay-at-home orders, and business shutdowns. With the advent of Lockdown 2.0, it is important to see what effect this has had on the UK’s largest farming sector. The impact on the dairy industry… Before the first lockdown started, around 8% of all liquid milk produced in the UK went into the hospitality sector, which created a huge surplus of milk when…

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Paratuberculosis (Johne’s Disease) in Cattle

Paratuberculosis (Johne’s disease) in Cattle What is Johne’s disease? Johne’s disease is an infectious disease in cattle and other ruminants which is caused by Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis, commonly known as MAP. It is closely related to the organism that causes tuberculosis and can survive on pasture for many months. The infection is contagious within the herd and young animals are more susceptible to the disease than adults. This disease damages the intestines and results in persistent diarrhoea, weight loss…

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Calf diseases, prevention and why colostrum is so important for the immune system

Calf diseases, prevention and why colostrum is so important for the immune system In terms of survival, the first few weeks for a calf are significant. As their bodies are still developing, they are not yet primed to effectively fight illness. It is important for a livestock farmer to be aware of these 3 common calf diseases and know what steps can be taken to prevent and treat them. What exactly puts young calves at risk of developing disease? Even…

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Moving towards sustainable use of veterinary antibiotics, globally

Moving towards sustainable use of veterinary antibiotics, globally Misuse of antibiotics Penicillin discovered by the famous Scottish scientist Alexander Fleming, was used to save millions of lives during wartime. Following the discovery,, reliance on antibiotics has increased throughout the twentieth century and overuse of this simple solution has led to an increase in resistance to antibiotics. The scientific community are aware of the growing threat of antibiotic resistance but has this information reached farmers across the world? Case study: India…

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Heat detection: is your heat detection method ineffective?

Heat detection: is your heat detection method ineffective? Why do we need heat detection? Heat detection is an essential component of the dairy industry. Missed or mistimed heats lead to increased calving periods and a resulting financial burden. Similarly, wasted Artificial Insemination (AI) and loss of pregnancies caused by mistiming of AI adds to this financial burden.  There is a plethora of heat detection aids in the market, ranging from simple mount detectors like Estrotect to fully automated robotic in…

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lungworm|cow|calve|RRL

Risk of lungworm in unvaccinated calves and cattle

Risk of lungworm in unvaccinated calves and cattle What is Lungworm? Lungworm is a nematode that can affect many species of animals including sheep, cattle, deer, goats and horses. Each species typically has associated species of lungworm that it is susceptible to. The bovine lungworm called (Dictyocaulus viviparus) is the most common cause of lungworm in cattle. Depending on species, lungworms reside in the bronchi and bronchioles of the lungs (and sometimes heart) where they lay eggs. These eggs are…

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Top 10 uses of rapid progesterone measurement in milk

Top 10 uses of rapid progesterone measurement in milk Progesterone (P4) is a hormone well known for its uses in fertility management and heat detection in cattle. Today we are showing you 10 ways you can use progesterone measurement in milk to aid in improving your herds fertility. You can use rapid progesterone detection tests to confirm heat when you have observed bulling or have a cow that does not demonstrate signs – a low P4 result confirms heat, allowing…

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Milk: an incredible life perpetuating commodity which can also be used as a health monitoring tool.

Milk: an incredible life perpetuating commodity which can also be used as a health monitoring tool. What is milk? Milk originates as the special fluid produced by mammals to feed their young – young that range from Wildebeest young where the precocious new born calf is ready to run with the herd within hours of birth to mammals where the young has to be supported by its mother or parents for years (as is the case with humans!). What are…

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Milk and its many uses

Milk and its many uses An introduction to milk Years ago, a cow’s milk was produced for the sole purpose to be suckled by her calf. Utilisation of cow’s milk as a source of food was well developed by the 19th century with the dairy  being an important part of the farm, producing milk, cream, butter and cheese. A good example of a farm dairy can be seen at Acton Scott. Over time cattle have been selected for milk production or beef. Further…

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